According to the 2010 census, the population of Makkah al-Mukarramah has reached 1,534,731, making it the third city in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, after Riyadh and Jiddah, with a population of one million or more. In 2011, the number of pilgrims who performed the Hajj exceeded three millions.
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia expends great efforts to provide a variety of health care services to all – citizens, expatriates, pilgrims and Umrah visitors.
Health services in Makkah al-Mukarramah can be classified as permanent services or seasonal services related to the Hajj season, or other services.
Permanent health services
Makkah al-Mukarramah has seven permanent hospitals which cooperate to provide a high standard of health care to citizens, expatriates, Hajj pilgrims and Umrah visitors on a year-round basis. In addition, a comprehensive 1500-bed medical facility, to be known as King Abdullah Medical City, is also under construction.
Seasonal health services
There are also a total of seven seasonal hospitals in Makkah al-Mukarramah which provide health care throughout the Hajj season; four of them are located in Mina and three in Arafat.
Other health services
In addition to the aforementioned health care facilities, Makkah al-Mukarramah is also endowed with many other facilities which provide health care to all. Some of these facilities are governmental, such as the Security Forces Hospital and the University Health Care Center at Umm al-Qura University, whereas others are operated by the private sector. Alongside hospitals, health care services are also provided by numerous clinics operated by the private sector as well as governmental health care centers.